Question: What Does O&M Stand For In Special Education?

What is mobility in special education?

Orientation and Mobility is that part of a blind and visually impaired child’s education that prepares him/her for more independent travel.

Mobility is the ability to travel safely, efficiently, and as independently as possible.

Put simply, it is the ability to walk in a safe manner and know where you are going..

What does id mean in special ed?

intellectual disabilityAccordingly, “intellectual disability” is defined as… “…significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.” [

What are the 4 levels of an intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

What does EI stand for in special education?

Early InterventionEHA | Education of the Handicapped Act (now IDEA) EHDI | Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program. EI | Early Intervention.

What are the 13 categories of special education?

To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below.Specific learning disability (SLD) … Other health impairment. … Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) … Emotional disturbance. … Speech or language impairment. … Visual impairment, including blindness. … Deafness.More items…

What are the 3 types of learning disabilities?

The term learning disability encompasses many different learning differences. The three main types of learning disabilities are: reading disabilities, written language disabilities, and math disabilities. Each type of LD can include several different disorders.

What is the importance of orientation and mobility?

Orientation and mobility (O&M) instruction provides students who are deaf-blind with a set of foundational skills to use residual visual, auditory, and other sensory information to understand their environments.

What IQ is considered intellectually disabled?

IQ (intelligence quotient) is measured by an IQ test. The average IQ is 100, with the majority of people scoring between 85 and 115. A person is considered intellectually disabled if they have an IQ of less than 70 to 75.

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

What are the different levels of special education?

There are six main types of special education within most public-school settings.Push-in Services. … Pull-out Services. … Inclusive Classrooms. … Exclusive Education. … Specialty Schools. … Residential Programs.